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Which tree species are cut as a garden bonsai trees?
In Japan, traditionally native plants are designed as garden Conseas or Niwaki, in principle, the same selection as more than a thousand years ago. These include conifers such as the lacrimal Pine (Pinus wallichiana), Japanese yew (Taxus cuspidata), Himalayan Cedar (Cedrus deodara), Japanese juniper species or even palm Fern and the Chinese hemp Palm. Among the deciduous trees, especially Japanese stone oak (such as Quercus acuta), Japanese maples, Japanese Holly (Ilex crenata), magnolias, Zelkove, Katsura tree, Foxglove tree, cherry trees, camellias, privets, rhododendrons, and azaleas.

What are the typical garden bonsai forms?

The design of the trees is best described by Niwaki. Different styles are united under this expression:

The trunk can be bent, straight, Zwiesel or multi-stemmed.
The crown can be designed in the Form of “”balls”” of different sizes, in the Form of levels, or shells. Rather organic forms are preferred, instead of a”” perfect “” rounding rather an Oval. It is always crucial that the result is a distinctive Silhouette.
Individual main branches are designed in such a way that they cover the entrance or – like a rose Arch in our culture – frame a gate.
Strung together garden Conseas are pulled as a kind of open hedge, so that privacy is maintained.

How to set a garden, bonsai beautiful in the scene?
Garden conseas grow in Japan traditionally planted, because they are supposed to be a fixed part of the landscape. In Japan, they grow in a framework that includes design elements such as ponds, stone settings and boulders as well as gravel, all of which have a symbolic character. In this ambience, hardened gravel stands for example for the sea or a river bed, rocks or moss-covered hills for mountain ranges. For example, the sky can be symbolized by a high vertical rock. In our gardens, garden Conseas are often displayed as exclusive floral objects in an exposed location, such as in the front garden, at the garden pond or next to the terrace, and presented in oversized growth bowls.

Companion plants for garden, bonsai
In a traditional Japanese garden bonsai trees grow mostly in the company of bamboo, but also with other grasses such as Dwarf sweet flag (Acorus gramineus), or snake’s beard (Ophiopogon). Popular flowering companion plants are hydrangeas and irises, in the fall chrysanthemums are put on Display. Very important are also different types of moss, which are used as ground cover and meticulously maintained and freed from falling leaves. Moss surfaces can be purchased in Japan like a kind of turf.

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